A partial list of damaging insects attacking pecan in the United States.

Compiled by: Bill Ree - 2003

FRUIT
Order
Family
Scientific Name
Common Name
Coleoptera Curculionidae Conotrachelus hicoriae Schoof Hickory nut curculio
  Curculionidae Curculio caryae (Horn) Pecan weevil
Hemiptera Alydidae Hyalymenus tarsatus  
  Coreidae Acanthocephala femorata (F.)  
  Coreidae Leptoglossus oppositus (Say)  
  Coreidae Leptoglossus phyllopus (L.) Leaffooted bug
  Pentatomidae Euschistus servus (Say) Brown stink bug
  Pentatomidae Chlorochroa ligata (Say) Conchuela stink bug
  Pentatomidae Euschistus tristigmus (Say) Dusky stink bug
  Pentatomidae Acrosternum hilare (Say) Green stink bug
  Pentatomidae Nezara viridula (Linnaeus) Southern green stink bug
Homoptera Cercopidae Clastoptera achatina Germar Pecan spittlebug
Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Strymon melinus Hubner Cotton square borer
  Pyralidae Acrobasis nuxvorella Neunzig Pecan nut casebearer
  Tortricidae Cydia caryana (Fitch) Hickory shuckworm

FOLIAGE
Order
Family
Scientific Name
Common Name
Coleoptera Scarabaeidae Phyllophaga torta (Leconte) June beetle
    Phyllophaga arkansana (Schaeffer) June beetle
    Phyllophaga hirtiventris (Horn) June beetle
    Phyllophaga bipartita (Horn) June beetle
    Phyllophaga micans (Knoch) June beetle
    Phyllophaga karlsioeo (Linell) June beetle
    Phyllophaga scitula (Horn) June beetle
    Phyllophaga profunda (Blanchard) June beetle
    Phyllophaga aemula (Horn) June beetle
    Phyllophaga crenulata (Froelich) June beetle
  Scarabaeidae Phyllophaga submucida (Leconte) June beetle
    Phyllophaga crinita (Burmeister) June beetle
    Phyllophaga tristis amplicornis Reinhard June beetle
    Phyllophaga tristis apicata Reinhard June beetle
Homoptera Aphididae Melanocallis caryaefoliae (Davis) Black pecan aphid
  Aphididae Monellia caryella (Fitch) Blackmargined aphid
  Aphididae Monelliopsis pecanis Bissell Yellow pecan aphid
  Cicadellidae Empoasca fabae (Harris) Potato leafhopper
  Phylloxeridae Phylloxera notabilis Pergande Pecan leaf phylloxera
  Phylloxeridae Phylloxera texana Stoetzel Pecan-oak leaf phylloxera
  Phylloxeridae Phylloxera perniciosa Pergande  
  Phylloxeridae Phylloxera russellae Stoetzel Southern pecan leaf phylloxera
Hymenoptera Tenthredinidae Periclista marginicollis (Norton) Sawfly
  Tenthredinidae Megaxyela major (Cresson) Sawfly
Lepidoptera Arctiidae Hyphantria cunea (Drury) Fall webworm
  Arctiidae Lophocampa caryae Hickory tussock moth
  Coccidae Eulecanium caryae Large hickory lecanium
  Coleophoridae Coleophora laticornella Clemens Pecan cigar casebearer
  Gracillariidae Cameraria caryaefoliella (Clemens) Blotch leafminer
  Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trinotata (Chambers)  
  Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter caryaealbella (Chambers) Leafminer
  Heliozelidae Coptodisca lucifluella Clemens Leafminer
  Nepticulidae Stigmella juglandifoliella (Clemens) Serpentine leafminer
  Noctuidae Catocala sp. Catocala
  Notodontidae Datana integerrima Grote & Robinson Walnut caterpillar
  Pyralidae Acrobasis juglandis (LeBaron) Pecan leaf casebearer
  Totricidae Gretchena bolliana (Slingerland) Pecan budmoth
  Saturniidae Citheronia reglis Hickory horned devil
Orthoptera Acrididae Melanoplus differentialis (Thomas) Differential grasshopper

TRUNKS, BRANCHES, TWIGS
Order
Family
Scientific Name
Common Name
Coleoptera Bostrichidae Amphiceris bicaudatus (Say) Apple twig borer
  Bostrichidae Xylobiops basilaris (Say) Red-shouldered shothole borer
  Buprestidae Chrysobothris femorata (Oliver) Flatheaded apple tree borer
  Buprestidae Agrilus arcuatus Say Hickory spiral borer
  Cerambycidae Psyrassa unicolor (Randall) Branch pruner
  Cerambycidae Prionus laticollis (L.) Broadnecked root borer
  Cerambycidae Heterachthes pallidus Haldeman  
  Curculionidae Scolytus quadrsipinosus Say Hickory bark beetle
  Cerambycidae Goes pulcher (Halderman) Hickory borer
  Cerambycidae Knulliana cincta cincta (Drury)  
  Cerambycidae Knulliana cinctra ochraccea (Bates)  
  Cerambycidae Megacyllene caryae (Gahan)  
  Cerambycidae Elaphidionoides parallelus Newman Oak twig pruner
  Cerambycidae Plectromerus dentipes (Oliver)  
  Cerambycidae Stenosphenus notatus (Oliver)  
  Cerambycidae Prionus imbricornis (L.) Tilehorned root borer
  Cerambycidae Oncideres cingulata (Say) Twig girdler
  Cerambycidae Elaphidionoides villosus (F.) Twig pruner
  Cerambycidae Euderces pini (Oliver)  
  Curculionidae Conotrachelus aratus (Germar) Hickory shoot curculio,
  Curculionidae Platypus compositus (Say) Pin-hole borer
  Curculionidae Xylebores affinis Eichoff  
  Curculionidae Xylebores ferrugineus (F.)  
  Curculionidae Xylebores saxeseni (Ratzeburg)  
  Curculionidae Xylosandrus crassiusculus Asian ambrosia beetle
Hemiptera Miridae Orthotylus ramus Knight  
Homoptera Aphidae Longistigma caryae (Harris) Giant bark aphid
  Disspididae Melanaspis obscura (Comstock) Obscure scale
  Phylloxeridae Phylloxera devastatrix Pergande Pecan phylloxera
  Cercopidae Clastoptera achatina Germar Pecan spittlebug
  Cercopidae Clastoptera obtusa Say Spittle bug
Hymenoptera Formicidae Atta texana (Buckley) Texas leafcutting ant
  Formicidae Camponotus pennsylvanicus (De Geer) Black carpenter ant
  Siricidae Tremex columba (L.) Pigeon tremex
Isoptera Rhinotermitidae Reticulitermes sp. Termite
Lepidoptera Pyralidae Euzophera semifuneralis (Walker) American plum borer
    Synanthedon scitula (Harris) Dogwood borer
  Cossidae Cossula magnifica (Strecker) Pecan carpenter worm

REFERENCES

1. Bilsing, S.W. The Life History and Control of the Pecan Nut Casebearer, TX Ag.Experiment Station, Bulletin No. 328, April 1926.

2. Solomon, J.D. and J. A. Payne, A Guide to the Insect Borers, Pruners and Girdlers of Pecan and Hickory, USDA Forest Service, Gen Tech. Rpt. SO-64, Oct. 1086.

3. Reid, William - Personel note
4. Dutcher, Jim - Personel note

5. Linsley, E. Gordon and John A. Chemsak. The Cerambycidae of North America Series.
6. Reinhard, H.J. The Phyllophaga of Texas (Scarabaeidae, Coleoptera) J. Kan Ent Soc. Vol 23, Jan. 1950 No.1 pp28-51.

For additional resources on the insects above, visit the Department of Entomomology website

Back to list | PDF Version | Home